South Asian countries must prioritise higher tobacco taxation and other control measures to raise the low levels of tobacco cessation and thus avoid millions of premature deaths, say Prabhat Jha and colleaguesOn current smoking patterns, tobacco will kill about 1 billion people worldwide this century,12 including substantial numbers in the South Asian countries. All South Asian countries have signed the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control and have committed to the United Nations (UN) sustainable development goals (SDG), including to reduce premature mortality from non communicable diseases by one third by 2030.3 Achieving this goal will depend on effective implementation of the tobacco control measures set out in the framework convention.4 The most important of these is large increases in the excise tax on tobacco products.Here, we mostly focus on initiatives to control smoking because smoked tobacco causes more systemic diseases and has higher overall risks for the user than other forms of tobacco use. We also briefly review the status of smokeless tobacco.MethodsWe examined nationally representative surveys of tobacco use in India, Bangladesh and Nepal5678 and relied upon WHO reports on surveys done in the South Asian countries.4 To estimate the number of tobacco users, we applied the prevalence of smokers and smokeless tobacco users at ages 15+ in these surveys to the UN 2010 population estimates.9 To estimate the number of future smokers under 35 years, we applied the smoking prevalence at ages 25 34 to the UN 2010 population under age 25, and added current smokers at ages 25 34.
America helped restore the ozone layer through a combination of scientific understanding, public pressure, bipartisan support and industry innovation. I believe we can marshal those same forces to fight climate change, but we are not there yet. Climate denial and partisan opposition continue to block comprehensive climate action.
Early this year, Beverly Hills and West Hollywood officials said the MTA should revive subway building as a way to ease the region’s transportation problems.”Westside cities . Are one of the great economic engines” of the region, Mark Egerman told the MTA board in February, when he was the mayor of Beverly Hills. “We are being strangled because we have no integrated transit system with the rest of Los Angeles.”A subway to the beach has been on transit proponents’ wish lists for decades.
As they consider Hawthorne’s case, in which a ruling is expected any day, state Supreme Court justices will have to sort through all those complications. Supreme Court held that such executions were forbidden by the Constitution’s ban on “cruel and unusual” punishment. But the justices also said they were reluctant to come up with their own definition of retardation..